When people think of oral health, the most common problem that comes to mind is often cavities. However, your gums deserve just as much attention as your teeth. Periodontal (Gum) disease can begin in quite a short amount of time when gums are not properly cared for.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Gum disease can cause inflammation, tooth loss and bone damage. The infection starts when the gums become inflamed due to the bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth.
There are three types of Gum disease: Gingivitis, Aggressive periodontitis, and Chronic periodontitis.
- Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease, causing the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. There is no or very little discomfort associated with this stage of the disease. With a good oral hygiene regimen, the results of gingivitis can be reversed.
- Aggressive periodontitis displays rapid bone destruction and attachment loss in clinically healthy patients.
- Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common forms of gum disease and is frequently seen in adults. The stages progress slowly and can be recognized by gum recession and pocket formation.
How is Gum Disease Treated?
While gum disease may sound scary, the good news is that it can be treated. As a Periodontist, Dr. Kazmer specializes in treating gum disease. Non-surgical options such as professional cleanings are available, as well as surgical options for when non-surgical treatments are not enough.
Surgical treatments for periodontal disease offered by Dr. Kazmer include:
- Pocket reduction
- Soft tissue grafts
- Bone regeneration
Dental implants may also be suggested to replace teeth that have been lost to gum disease.
The next time you go to brush your teeth and consider skipping flossing, consider this: “half of American adults suffer from gum disease.” The best way to protect yourself from gum disease is to brush and floss everyday and visit the dentist regularly.
Please feel free to contact our office with any questions or concerns that you may have.
Take care of your smile!